That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.

NEIL ARMSTRONG (1930-2012)

Moon Landings

Buzz Aldrin's mother’s maiden name was Moon.

Conspiracy Theories

The moon landing conspiracy theories have all been comprehensively and repeatedly debunked. Here are a few of the most persistent:

• Radiation levels in space would be lethal to humans (they just wouldn’t – the spacecraft provides adequate protection).
• The flag flaps as though in a breeze (it doesn’t – it’s rumpled because it has been packed, and the lack of atmosphere actually increases the swinging motion imparted to the flag by the action of planting it).
• Some objects in shadow appear too well lit (there were multiple sources of light: the Sun, and reflected light off the Earth, the lunar module, the spacesuits and the lunar surface).
• The lights and reflections in the photos are characteristic of studio lights on a set; some suggest that the whole thing was staged for NASA by Stanley Kubrick (these optical effects are explicable as lens flares).
• There’s a picture in which both Aldrin and Armstrong are visible (one as a reflection in the other’s visor) – so where’s the camera? (it was mounted to the astronauts’ chests; they didn’t hold cameras up to their visors).
• Aren’t the astronauts’ boot prints too sharp to have been left on a moisture-free surface? (Moon dust is a very finely ground powder, which compresses very easily when stepped on, with the shape being preserved because of the vacuum).
• The descent of the lunar module would have created a dust cloud and a crater, but it appears to be sitting on undisturbed soil (the lander’s engines were throttled back just before landing and it did not hover long enough to form a dust cloud. Science fiction films show jets of fire being emitted when spacecraft land, but this doesn’t happen in reality). 

First Words on the Moon

The official transcript of the moon landings reads as follows: 

102:45:25 Aldrin: 4 forward. 4 forward. Drifting to the right a little. 20 feet, down a half.
102:45:31 Duke: 30 seconds
102:45:32 Aldrin: Drifting forward just a little bit; that's good. (Garbled) (Pause)
102:45:40 Aldrin: Contact Light.
Armstrong didn't step onto the Moon's surface until over six hours later.

On the recording of the Apollo 11 Moon landing Neil Armstrong appears to drop the 'a' in ‘That's one small step for (a) man’, but now Australian computer programmer Peter Shann Ford has used audio analysis software called GoldWave to show that the missing 'a' was blotted out by transmission static. Armstrong himself was never sure whether he said it or not.


No human artefacts on Earth (including the Great Wall of China) can be seen from the moon with the naked eye.

Reliability Rates

Each individual part of a Saturn V rocket had a 99.9 per cent reliability rate, which means that on a good flight, roughly 6,000 of the 6,000,000 parts were expected to fail.

A day on the Moon from sunrise to sunset lasts 29.5 Earth days.

Apollo 11 astronauts declared moon rock and moon dust samples when they went through customs after their trip to the moon.

BUZZ ALDRIN (on the view)

Magnificent desolation.

Men on the Moon

On July 20, 1969 man first set foot on the moon. The mission, including the return leg, lasted 195 hours 18 minutes and 35 seconds, but the lunar module had only 45 seconds of fuel remaining when it touched down.
Buzz Aldrin was the second man to walk on the moon, but was the first human being to celebrate Holy Communion away from the Earth, and the first to urinate on another world. He still keeps his Apollo 11 travel expenses receipt framed on his living-room wall: ‘Cape Kennedy, Fla. - Moon - Pacific Ocean. Amount claimed 33 dollars and 31 cents.’ Buzz had jokingly tried to claim for 880,000 miles at 8 cents a mile. NASA replied with an invoice for one Saturn V rocket, ready for travel, at $185,000,000.
Theories that the whole thing was a hoax have been circulating since at least 1974, and polls indicate that 6% of Americans and 25% of Britons doubt that manned moon landings ever occurred. If anything, this scepticism seems to be gaining momentum, and in unexpected places: Sean Langan, a British documentary maker held by the Taliban for three months in 2008, says that his captors kept returning to the subject of the moon landings, trying to get him to admit that they were a hoax. The Apollo astronauts are heartily sick of it all; in 2002 Buzz Aldrin punched hoax-proponent Bart Sibrel in the face after Sibrel accosted him and called him a coward and a liar for declining to swear on the Bible that he had been on the Moon.

Counter-Conspiracy Arguments

• 842 lb of moon rocks were brought back to Earth, with distinctively extra-terrestrial characteristics (such as being 200 million years older than the oldest Earth rocks).
• Five mirrors were left on the surface, the only Apollo experiment which is still going on; highly accurate measurements of the distance to the Moon are made by reflecting laser beams sent from Earth. These have shown that the Moon is receding by 3.8cm a year and that in 600 million years the distance will have increased just far enough that the Moon’s face won’t completely cover the Sun during an eclipse. The mirrors could have been put there by unmanned craft, though – in fact, some of them were.
• None of the conspiracy theorists has landed a punch on NASA, i.e. produced an allegation which NASA can’t explain.
• The Soviets, who would have had an interest in alleging a hoax, never did so.
• The clincher: more than 400,000 people across the world were involved in the missions over ten years, 12 of them actually walking on the moon, and a successful conspiracy would require all of them to keep the secret (or to have been simultaneously deceived).
• Several of the engines from the Saturn V launch vehicle were recently retreived from the ocean floor by Jeff Bezos, the founder of Amazon.

NEIL ARMSTRONG (1930-2012)

I believe that the Good Lord gave us a finite number of heartbeats and I'm damned if I'm going to use up mine running up and down a street.

Buzz Aldrin

Edwin Eugene Aldrin, Jr. acquired the nickname ‘Buzz’ when he was only a few months old, from his older sister Fay Ann, who was 18 months at the time. His family called him ‘brother’ but Fay Ann pronounced it ‘Buzzer’, which then eventually became Buzz.

Aldrin made ‘Buzz’ his legal first name in 1988. 


Apollo 11 left four defecation collection devices on the moon and some ‘extreme heritage’ conservationists are very concerned about their protection. They worry that the astro-poo, along with the other 170 kilograms of trash left by pioneering astronauts, constitute an archaeological site.

An interesting question arises about the bacteria in the faeces of the first astronauts. Could it still be living?

The Apollo mission certainly took the issue of bacteria in space seriously. The Apollo 11 crew were quarantined for three weeks after their return, just in case they had 'Moon Cooties'.

According to men who've been to the moon, moondust feels like snow, smells like gunpowder, and doesn't taste too bad.

Alan Shepard was the first man to hit a golf ball on the Moon.

The first thing that Buzz Aldrin did on the moon was kick the dust; the second thing he did was pee.

Apollo Astronauts couldn’t get life insurance. They made their own by autographing cards to be sold by their families if they didn’t return.

Only 1 scientist has ever walked on the moon, he was a geologist called Harrison Schmitt and he was on the last mission.