According to the Oxford English Dictionary, 'chivalry' is pronounced with a ‘ch’ like in ‘chip’ as it derives from Middle English not French. It came into English from the same Latin root as 'cavalry', as did chavalerie in French and caballero in Spanish, both meaning 'someone who rides a horse'.
Chivalric codes were first written down in France around 1250 AD. They required a knights to do whatever it took to protect their honor and reputation, and to avoid engaging in sexual acts with the wives and children of fellow knights. Knights expected to protect their communities from outsiders and to attend Mass regularly.
The clinching proof of my reasoning is that I will cut anyone who argues further into dogmeat.
Sir Thomas Malory, author of Le Morte d'Arthur , was a very naughty knight indeed, accused at various times of kidnapping, theft, ambush, extortion, horse-rustling, house-breaking, rape, common assault and more than 100 robberies with violence. As a result, according to Helen Cooper, Professor of English at Cambridge University, he had the distinction of being the only person in the entire country excluded by name from the general pardons issued at the end of the Wars of the Roses: an achievement unique in English history.
Under the feudal system, being knighted was like being drafted; it meant you had to go and fight. Just as in modern times, there were draft-dodgers who tried to avoid being knighted. It was soon made law that if you had assets in excess of £40 you had to be a knight, unless you could find somebody who would volunteer to be knighted in your place.
The complete removal of a knighthood is a 'debasement'. The most recent have been Fred Goodwin, the former CEO of the Royal Bank of Scotland and James Crosby, the former CEO of HBOS, whose banks collapsed banks in 2008-9.
On the subject of chivalry, we should explain the basic rules of jousting, which were as follows.
Each knight had 3 lances and charged 3 times; the winner was the first to score 3 points. Only a 'true blow' counted (one which caused the lance to shatter). A glancing blow scored nothing – breastplates were angled to make this more likely. A true blow to the breastplate was worth 1 point; to the helmet 2. If you unhorsed your opponent you got 3 and won outright. In this event, you could also demand your opponent’s horse and armour (knights had to have their own kit to enter).
A true knight is fuller of bravery in the midst, than in the beginning of danger.
Isaac Newton was the first scientist to be knighted in Europe.