'Stockholm Syndrome', in which a kidnap victim or hostage develops an empathetic bond with their kidnapper, may not be so much a real syndrome as over-reporting of an atypical phenomenon by the press. It’s named after the 1973 bank robbery and siege of the Norrmalmstorg Kreditbanken in central Stockholm, in which four hostages held for six days rejected assistance and then defended the robbers after they were released (the Swedes still refer to it as Normalmstorgssyndromet). The best known case is that of Patty Hearst, the newspaper heiress, who spent two months as a hostage of the Symbionese Liberation Army, but ended up helping them rob a bank in San Francisco. Her Stockholm Syndrome-coercion defence failed at trial, and she was given a jail sentence before eventually receiving a Presidential pardon in 2001.
Popular psychology suggests that it has an evolutionary origin, where women who were captured by other clans to become 'wives' had no choice but to make the best of it. Some extend into non-hostage situations such as abusive domestic relationships,or even into politics (bank bail outs) and fairy stories, like Beauty and the Beast.
Being born is like being kidnapped. And then sold into slavery
A faked kidnapping is one way to get out of an awkward situation:
A French company called Ultime Realité will arrange a fake kidnapping for you. The €900 basic package involves being captured, gagged and locked up, while higher-end packages offer escape attempts and helicopter chases.
In some areas of Kyrgyzstan, 75% of brides are kidnapped by their husbands.
When King John II of France was captured by the English at the Battle of Poitiers, he was held for ransom for 3 million crowns. The king was sent back to France to raise the funds, leaving his son, Louis of Anjou, in English-held Calais as a replacement hostage. 3 million crowns was a hell of a lot for an impoverished France, and eventually with no sign of release, Louis escaped. When King John found out about this, he handed himself back in to the English citing reasons of 'good faith and honour.'
Another famous kidnap victim who did not display Stockholm Syndrome was Julius Caesar. Kidnapped by pirates and then ransomed, he raised a fleet, pursued and captured the pirates, and then crucified them, as he had told them he would while in captivity - a promise the pirates had taken as a joke.
When Thomas Aquinas decided to become a Dominican, his family were so unamused with him joining what they considered a 'begging order' they had him kidnapped and imprisoned, in the hope that he would change his mind.
I was kidnapped and they sent a piece of my finger to my father. He said he wanted more proof.
In Elizabethan times, there was a fashion for having plays performed by kidnapped children.
Sara White from California was arrested in 2007 for pretending to have been kidnapped in order to get out of a blind date.