Let me tell you the one thing I have against Moses. He took us forty years into the desert in order to bring us to the one place in the Middle East that has no oil.

GOLDA MEIR (1898-1978)

Irony

Isn't It Ironic? 


There is no clear consensus about the precise meaning of 'ironic', and there are many different kinds of irony. The key ingredients appear to be incongruity and/or a divergence between apparent and actual meaning – but the word is often used in ways which don't conform to these notions. 

The derivation is from the eiron (dissembler), who was one of the stock characters of Greek comedy. He is basically a clever underdog who triumphs over the alazon (braggart) by feigning stupidity – like Peter Falk’s Columbo character, for example.

Examples of different sorts of irony include the following:

  • Verbal irony, where the meaning is the opposite of what is said (e.g. the figures of speech 'as clear as mud' or 'this is a fine state of affairs').
  • Comic irony would be Dr Strangelove saying, 'You can’t fight in here! This is the War Room!'
  • Dramatic irony happens where the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not the characters, e.g. the audience knows that Oedipus is the murderer that he himself is seeking, though none of the characters does.
  • Situational irony is when actions have the opposite of the intended effect, such as being hoisted with your own petard.
  • Tragic irony arises from a character’s lack of knowledge. Romeo kills himself because he thinks Juliet is dead; she isn’t, but then she kills herself in consequence.
  • And Socratic irony is professing your own ignorance as a way of exposing the flaws in somebody else’s position – again, like Columbo.

 
The most unambiguous meaning of irony is, 'consisting of, containing, or resembling iron.'

The observation that the situations described in the song 'Ironic' mostly aren’t ironic is commonplace. The main irony associated with the song is that it’s often used as an example of how Americans don’t understand irony – Alanis Morrisette is Canadian.
 

The name Caesar probably comes from the Latin caesaries, meaning 'a beautiful head of hair'. Caesar was bald.

JACK NICHOLSON 

My mother never saw the irony in calling me a son-of-a-bitch.

All-time Ironic Greats


John Kendrick was an American sea captain who put into Honolulu Harbour in 1794 and was killed by the cannon which was fired to salute him. The Elves think this is situational and, arguably, comic irony (although it wouldn't have been very comical for Kendrick).
 
Clement Vallandigham was an Ohio lawyer who died in 1871 whilst defending a man accused of murder during a bar-room brawl. In order to show how the pistol might have gone off accidentally, he grabbed a gun, put it in his pocket, and re-enacted the events as he imagined them. The pistol went off, and Vallandigham died of the wound he received - but not before he had seen his client duly acquitted. This spectacularly successful piece of courtroom theatre is another example of situational irony.
 
In 1989, convicted murderer Michael Godwin had his sentence reduced to life imprisonment after five years awaiting the electric chair, but was then electrocuted accidentally while sitting naked on a steel toilet seat in his cell in Columbia, SC. Trying to fix his television set, he bit into a wire and was electrocuted – cosmic irony on a grand scale.
 

Irony is banned from early day motions in parliament.

Charlie Chaplin once entered a 'Charlie Chaplin lookalike contest' and failed to even make the finals, let alone win.

CALVIN TRILLIN

Math was always my bad subject. I couldn't convince my teachers that many of my answers were meant ironically.