Guests: Rev. Richard Coles, Victoria Coren, Sue Perkins
Air Date: 6 December 2013 at 10pm, BBC Two
XL Air Date: 7 December 2013 at 10.30pm, BBC Two
Here are some websites we found useful when researching the Knees and Knockers show:
For more information on the Black Prince’s nickname:
And for more on the Knights Templar, try The History of the Knights Templar by Charles G Addison.
Our info on heraldry came from A Complete Guide to Heraldry by Arthur Charles Fox Davies and Graham Johnston
The knights on a chessboard is fairly simple to understand, so no further information is needed. However, if you think that one is simple, try this puzzle for size:
The fact that knighthoods are lost on death was well reported last year, here for instance:
And here is an article about Shackleton’s first aid kit:
This is a rather nice article about car alarms not working:
And here is the article about Stockholm syndrome:
Finally, you shouldn’t necessarily wait 24 hours to report a missing person:
The answer is 'nobody knows'. The idea that the Black Prince wore black armour has been widespread for centuries, but there’s no contemporary evidence for it. In his lifetime, he was called 'Edward of Woodstock'. He was promoted to knighthood at the Battle of Crécy (1346) aged 16. According to legend, Edward III refused to send help to his embattled son, saying “Let the boy win his spurs” – which he duly did.
Although the code of chivalry theoretically obliged knights to protect the weak, in practice it was mostly used between social equals. The Black Prince was renowned among his peers as the most chivalric figure of his day but was equally familiar to the common people as a homicidal maniac. He captured the King of France at Poitiers and treated him as an honoured guest, but brutally massacred the inhabitants of Limoges and Caen.
The First Aid kit taken by Sir Ernest Shackleton to the Antarctic included:
· isinglass from the swim bladders of Russian sturgeons, coated with silk for use on open wounds.
· ‘gold-beater’s skin’, a parchment-like wound dressing fractions of a millimetre thick, made from the intestines of sand sharks.
· tonics of iron and strychnine, and iron and arsenic; of which the wrong doses of either would cause a lingering death.
· a colic treatment based on cannabis & chilli pepper.
· ginger carminative (an anti-flatulence preparation).
· cocaine solution (to cure snowblindness)
· chalk & opium (for diarrhoea), and
· Kendal Mint Cake
Kendal Mint Cake is made from sugar, glucose, water and peppermint oil. According to legend, a Kendal confectioner trying to make glacier mints noticed
that the mixture had started to become cloudy, instead of clear. When poured out, the result was Mint Cake. Shackleton took it with him on the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914–1917, and Edmund Hillary munched it on the summit of Everest in 1953. A member of his expedition wrote – 'It was easily the most popular item on our high altitude ration – our only criticism was that we did not have enough of it.
No study has ever found that car alarms reduce thefts. In fact, they do more harm than good: causing noise pollution, stress and wasted police time. According to the Jerry Lee Center of Criminology at the University of Pennsylvania, 95% of alarms are set off by the vibrations of passing lorries or faults in the car's electrical system, rather than by thieves. Fewer than 1% of people hearing a car alarm say they’d call the police to report a possible theft, though 60% would call to complain about noise. There has been a campaign to ban them in New York on the grounds that car alarms going off and being ignored create the impression that no one cares, and so actually exacerbate crime. And criminals can use them to their advantage: one reporter witnessed a man deliberately setting off a series of car alarms to make enough noise to cover the sound of him breaking into one of the cars and stealing the radio.
Not all car thieves can be tried for theft, which involves the ‘intention to
permanently deprive’. Joy-riders are charged with 'Taking Without Consent', or TWOCing.
Car theft is a bastion of sexism. Very few women make the grade because 'initiation into auto theft and property disposal networks are governed by male gatekeepers.' TWOCing is for the lads, and the blokes who run the ‘chop shops’ that process stolen cars don’t take female car thieves seriously.
Richard Osman, Jason Manford and Victoria Wood discuss everything including the KITCHEN SINK. Join them for a kitchen supper of kebab, kippers and kedgeree, all served on man-eating forks.and NEXT WEEK...